COVID-19 Cases Decrease, Jakarta Returns to Transitional PSBB
JAKARTA - Based on the results of monitoring and evaluation of the DKI Jakarta Province COVID-19 Handling Acceleration Task Force, it appears that there is a slowdown in the increase in positive cases and active cases even though there is still an increase in transmission.
Seeing this, the DKI Jakarta Provincial Government has decided to reduce the emergency brake policy gradually and enter the Transitional Large-Scale Social Restriction (PSBB) with new provisions for the next two weeks, starting from 12-25 October 2020.
The Governor of DKI Jakarta, Anies Baswedan, conveyed that this decision was based on several indicators, namely daily case reports, daily death cases, active case trends, and the level of filling of COVID-19 Referral Hospitals. "What happened during this month was the policy on emergency brake (emergency brake) because there was an unexpected increase in cases that were not expected. After stabilizing, we began to reduce the brake slowly, gradually. We need to emphasize that discipline must remain high. so that the chain of transmission remains under control and we do not have to carry out an emergency brake again, "explained Governor Anies, as followed in the release of PPID DKI Jakarta, Sunday (11/10/2020).
Governor Anies explained that the graphic of the addition of positive cases and daily active cases has been flat (stable) since the strict PSBB was implemented, namely September 13, 2020. Then, there was an initial sign of a decrease in daily positive cases in the last 7 days. The decrease in daily cases increase since PSBB tightening is shown in the graph of cases onset and also in the Rt value or virus reproduction. The onset graphic is a positive case graphic based on the onset of symptoms, not on the release of a laboratory report.
Based on data compiled by FKM UI, the Rt value for Jakarta was 1.14 at the beginning of September and currently it has decreased to 1.07. This means that currently 100 people have the potential to transmit the virus to 107 other people. The government, private parties and the community must strive to reduce the number of households together so that the chain of transmission of the epidemic is cut by remaining disciplined in implementing health protocols in the Transitional Period of PSBB.
Furthermore, Governor Anies explained, in the period of 26 September to 9 October 2020, there was a decline again from the condition 14 days earlier, where the number of positive cases increased by 22% or as many as 15, 437 cases, compared to the previous increase of 31% or 16, 606 cases. Meanwhile, active cases increased by only 3.81% or as much as 492 cases, compared to the previous increase of 9.08% or 1, 074 cases. From late September to early October the number of daily active cases began to consistently level out, indicating a slowdown in transmission.
Meanwhile, the number of cases died in the last 7 days was 187 people, while the previous week there were 295 people. "The observation results in the last 2 weeks of a decrease in the incidence of death in confirmed positive cases of COVID-19. This decline has been seen since September 24, 2020 until now. The death rate or CFR Jakarta has also continued to decline to the current 2.2% rate. It is also decreasing, the prediction without strict PSBB is that the daily mortality of positive cases in Jakarta currently reaches 28 per day, currently the rate is 18 per day. However, deaths must be seen from the absolute number and pressed as low as possible to the number 0, "he added.
Population movement since the strict PSBB has decreased significantly in recreation areas, parks and housing. Meanwhile, markets, offices and factories, as well as public transportation had decreased, but increased again in the last 1 week. In addition, there was a decrease in the proportion of case findings in the office cluster during the last 1 week. However, there was an increase in case finding in the family / settlement cluster. Compliance with health protocols in the home environment and strengthening of RT / RW / cadres are required.
Meanwhile, the number of health facilities has also continued to be increased, from the current 67 referral hospitals to 98 referral hospitals, equipped with 5, 719 isolation beds and 766 ICU beds. The use of COVID-19 isolation beds on October 10 was 66% and COVID-19 ICU beds by 67%.
The decrease in the use of the bed can be seen in the comparison with the previous week as follows:
Date | Hospitalization | ICU
13 Sep | 3, 190 (75%) | 493 (83%)
20 Sep | 3, 741 (83%) | 519 (79%)
27 Sep | 3, 762 (78%) | 522 (72%)
04 Oct | 4, 076 (72%) | 553 (72%)
DKI Jakarta Provincial Government will continue to increase 3 T in anticipation of a potential surge. For your information, the number of people tested in Jakarta continues to increase along with the increasing testing capacity. In the period 3 - 9 October, the number of people tested for PCR reached 63, 474, equivalent to a testing rate of 6 per 1, 000 population in one week (6 times the minimum rate set by WHO).
In addition, Governor Anies also conveyed, based on the indicators set by the Central Level COVID-19 Handling Task Force, currently Jakarta is also at a moderate risk level (score: 2.095) compared to September 13 at a high risk level (score: 1.4725). The assessment from FKM UI with indicators of Epidemiology, Public Health, Health Facilities also showed improvement on October 4 with a score of 67 compared to September 13 with a score of 58.
The DKI Jakarta Provincial Government has coordinated with the Central Government to decide to re-implement the Transitional PSBB, with a number of new provisions that must be obeyed by all parties. As mentioned earlier that a number of sectors have been allowed to resume operations (details of sectors will be announced in advance). The new policy implemented in the PSBB for the Transitional Period at this time is the data collection of visitors and employees in the opened sector, can use guest books (manuals) or technology applications that have collaborated with the government to facilitate epidemiological analysis, especially contact tracing (close contact tracing) of positive cases . The information that must be available is name, telephone number and NIK.
Thus, the DKI Jakarta Provincial Government will carry out massive tracing activities during the PSBB Transition Period. On the other hand, the capacity of testing activities as well as isolation and treatment efforts at the hospital will continue to be increased.
Governor Anies said that each person in charge of activities must enforce the COVID-19 prevention protocol. If a cluster is found (working together, interacting closely) in a workplace, it is mandatory to close the workplace for 3 x 24 hours for disinfection. Every business is required to prepare a 'COVID-19 Safety Plan'. The specific protocols for each sector are regulated by the relevant Head of Service provisions.
"All citizens are also responsible for preventing the transmission of COVID-19. If one place is not disciplined, then one city must suffer the consequences. So, we must be really disciplined in implementing 3M's health protocol, and the government will continue to improve the 3T, "concluded Governor Anies. (***)